Sustainable selection of Yunnan black rosewood and mahogany raw materials

Among the 33 tree species listed in the national standard of "Redwood" in China, the tree species native to China are the black Dalbergia in Yunnan except for the fragrant Dalbergia in Hainan. Hainan's fragrant Dalbergia has been widely known and has been vigorously planted, but the black Dalbergia seems to be still in the position of “cultivating in the deep and ignorant”.

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Yunnan black rosewood

Black Dalbergia belongs to the genus Dalbergia. Black Dalbergia, also known as Banna ebony, is also known as "horn horn wood" because of its woody resemblance to horns. It is also known as "sour fragrant tree" because of its sour scent. The main origin of black Dalbergia is Xishuangbanna in Yunnan. The Yi people also call the black Dalbergia "buried color" and the other is "buried."

Black Dalbergia is the top grade in redwood and is the treasure of Chinese domestic wood. Black Dalbergia is listed in the black rosewood in the national standard of China's "Redwood". Its heartwood is dark brown, black with red, the material is firm and dense, sinking into the water, smooth and oily, not curling and cracking, the pattern is magnificent. Black Dalbergia has a very high hardness, corrosion resistance, resistance to termites, insect resistance, bump resistance and good durability. The heartwood of black Dalbergia is a high-quality material for making high-end furniture, high-end crafts, high-end musical instruments and high-end interior decoration.

Due to the excellent material of black Dalbergia, the ethnic minorities such as the Dai people in southern Yunnan often use black and yellow sandalwood to make burdocks, plows, hoes, knives, tools, tools, and even bridges and houses. It can be immortal for hundreds of years.

At present, China's redwood raw materials are basically dependent on imports. The CITES Convention has included seven kinds of redwood raw materials in the scope of control. Many redwood resource producing countries have formulated various policies to restrict the export of redwoods. The redwood market is facing a serious shortage of resources. Vigorously planting black rosewood can prepare follow-up resources for the unique mahogany industry in China.

Black Dalbergia is also an excellent lac insect host tree, and shellac is the raw material of China's important industry (mainly military industry). Vigorously planting black rosewood can not only reserve important strategic resources for mahogany for China, but also stock lac insects in the forest to produce shellac. Local farmers can also earn a good income by stocking lac insects.

Black Dalbergia is a hard broad-leaved tree species with good ecological stability and is not susceptible to pests and diseases. Strong cultivation of black rosewood can achieve good ecological benefits. Mixing black Dalbergia with pure coniferous forest can greatly reduce the level of forest fire risk and effectively prevent devastating pests and diseases and improve the ecological stability of forests. Black Dalbergia can be mixed with a variety of tree species including Simao pine, and the existing low-quality and low-efficiency forest can be modified with black rosewood, which can greatly improve the quality of existing forests.

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Yunnan black rosewood

Nowadays, tropical fruits such as bananas, lychee, longan, and bananas, which are widely planted in some places, are extremely devastating. The main reason is that a large area is planted with a single crop, with a single ecology and poor ecological stability. Such as the use of black rosewood to separate such a large area of ​​single crops, on the one hand can block the spread of pests and diseases, on the other hand, black rosewood tall trees can attract birds and various insects, these birds and insects It can prevent and slow down the production of some pests and diseases.

Planting black rosewood can get twice the result with half the effort. Black Dalbergia is a wild plant that is easy to grow, breed and maintain, and some can also be self-propagated into forest. Therefore, planting black rosewood does not require special management and protection, no special technology, no watering and fertilization.

Further reading: What kind of growing environment does the redwood species need?

Black Dalbergia can be used for afforestation on a large scale. Black Dalbergia has strong adaptability and resistance to drought, drought tolerance and resistance to infertility. In the natural state, after the forest was damaged, the black Dalbergia is the tree species that the most Mr. grows. Therefore, black rosewood can be used as a pioneer species for barren mountain greening in suitable areas of China.

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Yunnan black rosewood

Black Dalbergia can be used as a green ornamental tree in urban and rural areas. Black Dalbergia is a tall tree with a height of up to 20 meters and a diameter of 50-70 cm. The crown of black Dalbergia is umbrella-shaped, the tree is beautiful, the trunk is simple and vigorous, and it has strong wind resistance and good negative coverage. It is very suitable for urban viewing and greening trees. Black Dalbergia is an early and more tree species. The seeds of Dalbergia are rich in protein and are good food for small animals and birds. Planting black rosewood in the city can build a vibrant and stable urban forest ecosystem with a variety of birds and flowers and small animals.

The roots of black Dalbergia are well developed and have a good role in protecting soil and water. Black Dalbergia is also a legume that can improve the soil. In addition, black rosewood is also an excellent source of honey plants and medicinal plants. Therefore, planting black rosewood can receive a multi-faceted effect.

Black Dalbergia wood is heavy and therefore grows slowly. Some companies and individual farmers may be discouraged, but this problem is not difficult to solve. The recent benefits can be achieved by selling black rosewood seedlings, selling black and yellow sandalwood landscape trees, and under-forest farming (the leaves of black Dalbergia are rich in protein, which is a good feed. You can develop chickens, ducks and even chickens under the black Dalbergia forest. Part of the investment in the form of high-grade poultry such as peacocks and planting under the forest. After the trees are forested, they can also carry out leisure and vacation, establish a forest rehabilitation hospital, and develop the use of leaves, flowers, fruits, bark, and the development and utilization of small wood products.

Related reading: Detailed explanation of easily confused redwood species

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